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Latest developments

This section gives the opportunity to keep up to date in the field of EU Company Law and Corporate Governance.

Webinar on Non-financial Reporting in the EU

The ETUI in cooperation with the ETUC organized a webinar on "Non-financial Reporting in the EU: What Role for Trade Unions and Worker Participation?" on 10 March 2021. The webinar discussed what types of non-financial information are needed by trade unions and worker representatives and how to strengthen their role in the non-financial reporting process.    

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Webinar on "Human rights due diligence (HRDD) and responsible business conduct in the EU"

The European Worker Participation Competence Centre (EWPCC) and the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) in cooperation with the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) organized a webinar on 13 January 2021 on the subject of "Human rights due diligence (HRDD) and responsible business conduct in the EU". 

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ETUI's workshop on '“Workers’ participation in corporate governance”

The EWPCC of the ETUI organized a workshop “Workers’ participation in corporate governance” on 23th April 2018, in Madrid (Escuela Muñiz Zapico from CCOO).

The workshop had four main objectives: situate workers’ participation as a means to democratize the company in the context of after-crisis modernization of industrial relations in Spain, promote a theoretical-practical debate on the issue, illustrate with empirical comparative data on institutional models and existing practices of workers’ representation at European level, and finally, collectively learn from exchange of experience between workers’ representatives involved in corporate decisions in different companies and EU Member States.

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30% female quota in supervisory boards of German DAX companies

The law adopted by the German Bundestag on the 01 January 2016 setting mandatory quota levels for female supervisory board representation within both DAX registered companies and large co-managed companies appears to start having a real impact. In a recent report (annual “DAX 30 Supervisory Board Study, 2018) consultancy company Russel Reynolds Associates indicated that for the first time the 30% female minimum threshold has been reached globally across the DAX registered companies. In the company that was the last to meet the quota requirements, the SAP’s, the supervisory board now actually stands at 56% versus 22% a year ago. Only five DAX companies are falling short, namely Adidas, Henkel, Infineon, Merck, and Continental and must urgently appoint female representatives.

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Tax justice in Europe: why does it matter for workers? (Policy Brief)

Policy Brief by Tove Maria Ryding

Tove Maria Ryding in cooperation with the ETUI's GoodCorp Expert Network casts light on the links between tax avoidance and how workers' voice be a countermeasure and a means to making companies more sustainable.

Tax avoidance by corporations is widespread in Europe and costs governments more than €70bn annually. This revenue loss, and the legal ramifications of strategies that multinational companies use to avoid paying taxes, starves public services of funding, limits the bargaining power of trade unions and undermines employee rights. This ETUI policy brief outlines the scale of the problem, describes some of the ways that corporations limit their tax liabilities, and suggests some practical solutions. The brief shows that corporations have a range of strategies for avoiding paying taxes, including: declaring themselves to be multinationals; use of ‘transfer pricing’ to shift sales from high to low tax jurisdictions; and concluding secret tax deals with governments. Wealthy individuals also have a number of accounting and legal tricks available to them to conceal their assets.

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The revised Shareholder Rights Directive 2017: policy implications for workers

Shareholders Rights Directive PB 2018/02

The 2017 revised Shareholder Rights Directive gives shareholders a say on executive pay and requires institutional investors to improve shareholder engagement. The directive is thus designed to provide a counterweight to the increasingly dominant ‘shareholder’ model of corporate governance which has put the interests of firms’ shareholders ahead of other stakeholders, including their workers.  Drawing on the experience of the UK, Europe’s leading exponent of the shareholder model whose experience heavily influenced the Commission’s thinking, this brief analyses the workings of the directive, discusses its implications for worker’s rights and suggests how trade unions should respond.

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Belgian political parties favour co-determination of employees in company boards

board meeting

board meeting

Mid-November 2017, the Flemish Green party of Belgium (Groen) approved a text calling for, among other things, employee representatives in company boards. The approval is mostly symbolic as the Green party has no detailed plan of how this form of co-determination should be organized. The congress text mentions the need for employee representatives to sit in company boards in order to foster the democracy and participation in organizations and as a means to support constructive relations between employers and employees on strategic company issues.

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National codetermination rules under European Scrutiny

On 24 January 2017, the European Court of Justice heard what could turn out to be a landmark case (C-566/15 Erzberger) conce

european court of justice

rning workers’ board-level participation.

Mr Erzberger, a minority shareholder of TUI AG – a multinational travel and tourism company headquartered in Hannover, Germany -- had brought a case before a Berlin court challenging the composition of the company’s Supervisory Board. According to German rules, the employees working for the group but outside German territory are not counted and therefore excluded from the election of board-level employee representatives since they have neither active nor passive election rights. The applicant argues that such geographical rules restrict the right to free movement of workers and also constitute discrimination on the basis of nationality, both of which would be contrary to EU law.

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New book: 'Takeovers with or without worker voice: workers’ rights under the EU Takeover Bids Directive'

In its Workers’ rights in company law series the ETUI has just published (October 2016) a new book on takeovers and workers' rights, edited by Jan Cremers (University of Amsterdam) and Sigurt Vitols (ETUI).

Workers' rights in takeover bid directive

This book presents the results of a study of workers’ rights during company takeover situations in Europe. Takeovers are extremely important for workers because a change in ownership frequently leads to restructuring in the firm, including replacement of management, changed working conditions, increased work intensity and/or mass redundancies. It is therefore crucial that workers have strong rights to receive timely and full information about the planned takeover and to intervene at an early stage of the takeover process to protect their interests. The major conclusion of the book is that the EU Takeover Bids Directive needs to be revised, as it does not provide an adequate level of workers’ rights in its current form.

The study was carried out by the ETUI’s GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on corporate governance and company law. The book includes case studies of takeovers as well as analyses of national legal frameworks regulating takeovers and of transversal issues related to takeovers. The book is the first in a new ETUI book series on workers’ rights in company law.

The full version of the book is available for free download.

Individual chapters can be downloaded freely from the ETUI website.

ETUI, Brussels,

ISBN 978-2-87452-420-2,

ISBN 978-2-87452-421-9 (pdf)

Long-term investment and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder perspective. Vol. III

Publication date: 2015

Number of pages: 237

Edited by: Sigurt Vitols (ETUI)

The onset of the Great Financial Crisis in 2007/8 has triggered a widespread debate about the causes and the social and environmental consequences of the lack of long-term investment around the world. This volume, the third in the Sustainable Company book series produced by the GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on corporate governance, presents a ‘stakeholder’ approach to the problem. The analysis and policy prescriptions presented here go beyond mainstream economic analysis by highlighting the need for major changes in the way resources are saved, distributed and invested in the interests of a sustainable and just economy and society.

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Policy Brief: 'Letter-box companies and abuse of the posting rules: how the primacy of economic freedoms and weak enforcement give rise to social dumping'

Policy Brief by Jan Cremers (University of Amsterdam)

Date of publication: 2014


This policy brief demonstrates how the emphasis on the primacy of economic freedoms has negatively affected the application of EU social security rules and the working conditions of posted workers. It also discusses the legal ambiguities accompanying the notion of 'genuine undertakings' and some recent cases of abuse of the freedom of establishment through the spread of letter-box companies. Finally it formulates policy recommendations for clear, transparent regulation, tighter controls and closer cooperation between national law-enforcing authorities.

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The European Commission proposes a new directive on the protection of trade secrets

On 28/11/2014 the European Commission issued a proposal for a 'Directive on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure'. The objective of the initiative is to ensure that the competitiveness of European businesses and research bodies which is based on undisclosed know-how and business information (tradesecrets) is adequately protected.

Since the directive may have influence on worker rights to information and consultation in cases of merger of companies it is on the radar of trade unions.

R.I.P. SPE – Welcome to the SUP!

The SPE (Societas Privata Europaea), also known as the European private company, has been controversial since it was proposed by the European Commission in 2008. Although the Commission recently announced the withdrawal of this proposal, supporters of worker participation are worried about rumors that a new proposal on an SUP (Societas Unius Personae) will be forthcoming soon.

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Compromise between the European Parliament and EU Member States on Nonfinancial Reporting

A reported compromise between the European Parliament and EU Member States is the latest twist in the battle for an EU directive on nonfinancial (i.e. social and environmental) reporting. The compromise, which was reached at the end of February, represents a further watering down of requirements on companies relative to the Commission’s draft directive from last year.

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Review Process on OECD Principles of Corporate Governance Started

The OECD launched the process of reviewing its Principles of Corporate Governance last month (March 2014). The target is to develop a revised set of principles within a year. This review procedure is an opportunity to strengthen the role of workers as a key “stakeholder” in corporate governance these Principles.

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European Parliament adopts resolution on employee financial participation

Following the approval of a draft report (see WP News Bulletin 2/2013), on 14 January 2014 the European Parliament adopted a resolution on employees’ financial participation (EFP) in companies’ profits. The resolution highlights the potential of EFP to ‘bring stability, development and growth while reducing risks of over-expansion leading to job losses’, especially if these effects were ‘enhanced by stable and functioning worker involvement institutions’.

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Major Commission-Sponsored Conference on Employee Share Ownership

A major conference on employee share ownership financed by the European Commission entitled “Taking action: Promotion of employee share ownership: Debating concrete policy options” took place in Brussels on 30 January 2014. This was a major one-day conference on employee share ownership, organised by Professor Jens Lowitzsch of University of Viadrina at Frankfurt (Oder)/Freie University, Berlin, and attended by around 130 delegates from academia, employer associations, and national government bodies, but very few from trades unions.

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Revision of EU Merger Control Rules

As of 1 January 2014 the EU procedures on merger control have been modified. More proposed mergers will now be eligible for a “simplified” procedure for approving mergers. In the long run, however, a discussion on the inclusion of social and other criteria in approving mergers is needed.

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Future of European Private Company (SPE)?

In the REFIT-Communication (page 18), the European Commission includes its proposal on the statute of a European Private Company in the list of proposals it intends to withdraw. The Commission thereby draws the lessons from the several year long unsuccessful discussions between member states around this potential new European company form.

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Implementation Study on Cross-Border Mergers released

The European Commission has just released an external study on the implementation of the Cross-Border Mergers Directive (CBMD) in the EU and EEA Member States. While the study claims that the CBM Directive is a success overall, nevertheless further policy actions are needed. With regard to employee participation, the study identifies a number of problems and outlines some options to deal with these.

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Consultation on Single-member limited liability companies closed

The European Commission public consultation on single-member limited liability companies closed on 15 September 2013. It took place in the context of the 2012 EU Company Law Action Plan as well as the repeated attempts by the European Commission to create a European legal form for SMEs and to deregulate the small company sector.

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Cross-border transfers of registered offices of companies: results of consultation

In September the European Commission published a Feedback Statement on the results of a public consultation it organized on the issue of cross-border transfers of registered offices of companies. On the issue of what provisions should be made for employee participation in the case of a transfer, 40% of the respondents favoured a solution based on the SE legislation, 20% the Cross Border Mergers Directive (CBMD), and 40% were for another solution.

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A step but not a leap: The Commission's new proposal for non-financial and diversity reporting

Earlier this week the Commission released its long-awaited proposal for a Directive regarding disclosure of non-financial and diversity information. The Commission’s explanation of the motivation for this proposal is straightforward: “...only a limited number of EU large companies regularly disclose non-financial information, and the quality of the information disclosed varies largely, making it difficult for investors and stakeholders to understand and compare companies’ position and performance.” 1

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Consultation on Long-Term Finance

On 25 March 2013 the European Commission published a Green paper on the long-term financing of the European economy and announced a three-month public online consultation on this issue. This consultation addresses the causes of short-termism and possible measures that could be taken to encourage more long-term investment in Europe.

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Commission consultation opened on the cross-border transfer of registered seats

DG Markt has started an online consultation on the cross-border transfer of registered seats as part of its new Action Plan on corporate governance and company law.

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Conference on the new Action Plan announced

EcoDa (the European Confederation of Directors' Associations) is organizing a conference in Brussels on 4 Feb 2013 on the new EU Action Plan on corporate governance and company law.

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New EU Action Plan on company law and corporate governance plans stick to shareholder paradigm


In December the European Commissioner published the long-awaited EU Action Plan on European Company Law and Corporate Governance. The sixteen proposals made contain little in the way of correcting the power imbalance that currently exists between shareholders on the one hand and stakeholders (particularly employees) on the other hand in the governance of European companies.

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New EU Action Plan suggests no major revisions of the SE legislation

The new Action Plan on EU Company Law and Governance, published on 12 December 2012, contains no proposal for revising the SE Directive or Regulation. Instead, it is stated that the Commission will try to promote and improve "awareness awareness of the European Company (SE) and the European Cooperative (SCE) Statutes."

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Irish Presidency Priorities for EU company law

There is now a dedicated website for the Irish Presidency, which includes priorities for EU company law and corporate governance.

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EP debates Takeover Bids Directive

The implementation of the Takeover Bids Directive was discussed again in the EP committee on legal affairs on 18 December 2012.

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EU Insolvency Regulation – New Proposal

The European Commission has just announced a proposal amending the Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings.

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Proposal for a 40 per cent gender quota for company boards adopted

On 14 November the European Commission adopted a revised proposal for a draft Directive which sets a minimum objective of 40 per cent by 2020 for members of the under-represented sex for non-executive members of the boards of publicly listed companies in Europe

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Series of European Parliament commissioned studies published

The European Parliament commissioned three studies, which were discussed at the 10–11 October Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) meeting:

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EP Seminar on European Company Law and Workers' Rights

The Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats (S&D) in the European Parliament is organizing a seminar on European Company Law and Workers' Rights on 11 April 2012 in the European Parliament.

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EP report on European Cooperative Society (SCE)


The European Parliament adopted a resolution approving an own-initiative report on the SCE on 13 March 2012.

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ETUC Resolution on the Future of European Company Law

At its meeting on 6/7 March 2012, the Executive Committee of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) adopted a resolution on the Future of European Company Law: toward sustainable governance.

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European Commission Proposes European Foundation Statute

The Commission presented on 8 February 2012 a proposal for a European Foundation Statute. The goal of the proposal is to make it easier for foundations to operate across national borders in the EU.

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EP Hearing on Employee Shareholding Rescheduled to 22 March

A public hearing in the European Parliament on employee shareholding has been rescheduled for 22 March 2012.

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European Commission Proposes European Foundation Statute

The Commission presented on 8 February 2012 a proposal for a European Foundation Statute. The goal of the proposal is to make it easier for foundations to operate across national borders in the EU.

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EP resolution on 14th company law directive

On 2 February, the European Parliament adopted its third resolution containing recommendations to the Commission for the adoption of a 14th company law directive on the cross-border transfer of company seats.

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The EU company law package: how it should be improved to strengthen workers’ rights and avoid abuse through cross-border company mobility

The proposed EU company law package, which was published in May 2018 by the European Commission, seeks to encourage cross-border company mobility while at the same time protecting stakeholder interests. The ETUI’s GOODCORP network of company law experts has identified three areas where the package needs to be revised in the interests of protecting workers’ rights and discouraging corporate abuse and makes thirteen specific recommendations for amendment. These areas include: improving worker involvement rights; strengthening procedures for discouraging abusive behaviour such as tax evasion; and reducing the potential for fraud through online company foundations.

Download the document.